# Lab 04 - Math Enrollment

### Interpreting Results

Due: 2019-10-03 at noon Turn in the .html file on Sakai

Total enrollments in mathematics courses at a small liberal arts college were obtained for each semester from Fall 2001 to Spring 2012. The academic year at this school consists of two semesters, with enrollment counts for Fall and Spring each year. The variable AYear indicates the year at the beginning of the academic year. The data is in the Stat2Data package. The dataset is called MathEnrollment.

Be sure to load the proper packages and the dataset before you begin.

library(tidyverse)
library(Stat2Data)
library(broom)
data("MathEnrollment")
1. Fit a simple linear regression predicting Spring enrollment from Fall in the MathEnrollment data set. Using the tidy() function, report the intercept and slope of this model. Interpret these results.

2. Using the glance() function, find the F-statistic and it’s associated p-value as well as the coefficient of determination for the model fit in Exercise 1. Interpret these results.

3. There is some discussion in the department that the data point for 2003 is an “influential” point. Create a new dataset filtering out when AYear is 2003. Refit a simple linear regression model predicting Spring enrollment from Fall in this filtered dataset. Do you think 2003 is influential?

4. Use the glance() function to summarize the model statistics from Exercise 3. What percent of the variability in spring enrollment is explained by using a simple linear model with fall enrollment as the predictor?

5. Provide the ANOVA table for partitioning the total variability in spring enrollment based on this model using the anova() function. Using the components of this table, calculate the Total Sum of Squares.

6. Provide a 95% confidence interval for the slope of the model fit in Exercise 3. Does this interval include 0? Interpret this result.

7. Using the model fit in Exercise 3, what would you predict the spring enrollment to be when the fall enrollment is 290?

8. Provide a 95% confidence interval for mean spring enrollment when the fall enrollment is 290.

9. Provide a 95% prediction interval for spring enrollment when the fall enrollment is 290.

10. A new administrator at the college wants to know what interval she should use to predict the enrollment next spring when the enrollment next fall is 290. Would you recommend that she use your interval from Exercise 8 or the interval from Exercise 9? Explain.

## Principles of Data Analysis

1. Rank each of the following principles from the Elements and Principles of Data Analysis article for this data analysis from 1 to 10 along with a one sentence summary:
• data matching:
• exhaustive:
• skeptical:
• second order:
• transparency:
• reproducible:

Changed author in YAML 2 pts